Crenshaw County vs. Alabama
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2020
Introduction
Crenshaw County vs. Alabama
Crenshaw County:
2020 Jobs = 5,543
2020 Percent of State = 0.2%
Alabama:
2020 Jobs = 2,612,469
2020 Percent of U.S. = 1.4%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Crenshaw County to work are included in the employment count for Crenshaw County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wages and salaries and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2020
Total Employment, 1969-2020
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Crenshaw County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2020 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 52-year period, Crenshaw County's total employment rose from 4,872 in 1969 to 5,543 in 2020, for a net gain of 671, or 13.8%.
Total Employment, 1969-2020
Total Employment, 1969-2020
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Alabama's annual total employment for the period 1969-2020 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 52-year period, Alabama's total employment rose from 1,411,234 in 1969 to 2,612,469 in 2020, for a net gain of 1,201,235, or 85.1%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2020
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2020
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Crenshaw County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Alabama, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Crenshaw County's overall total employment growth was 13.8% over 1969-2020 trailed Alabama's increase of 85.1%, and fell below the United States' increase of 109.5%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2020
Total Employment as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2020
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the total employment growth of Crenshaw County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Alabama's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Alabama's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Crenshaw County's total employment comprised 0.35% of Alabama's total employment, while in 2020 it comprised 0.21% thereby yielding a -0.13% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2020 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2020
vs.
1969
-0.13%
=
0.21%
-
0.35%
 
   
Crenshaw County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2020
Crenshaw County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2020
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Crenshaw County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2020. The average annual percent change for the entire 51-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Crenshaw County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 0.31% over 1970-2020. The county posted its highest growth in 2006 (9.08%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2001 (-12.54%). In 2020, Crenshaw County's total employment declined by -6.64%
Crenshaw County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2020
Crenshaw County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2020
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Crenshaw County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020.
During the 1970s, Crenshaw County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 0.89%. It averaged 0.58% during the 1980s, -0.20% throughout the 1990s, 0.58% in the 2000s, 0.42% during the 2010s, and -6.64% thus far this decade (2020).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Crenshaw County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Alabama and the nation. As the chart reveals, Crenshaw County's average annual total employment growth fell below Alabama's average throughout the 1970s (0.89% vs. 2.10%), amounted to less than Alabama's average during the 1980s (0.58% vs. 1.47%), trailed Alabama's average during the 1990s (-0.20% vs. 1.72%), outperformed Alabama's average in the 2000s (0.58% vs. 0.44%), and lagged Alabama's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (0.42% vs. 0.91%). Thus far in 2020, Crenshaw County's growth has lagged Alabama's average (-6.64% vs. -3.70%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Crenshaw County trailed the nation throughout the 1970s (0.89% vs. 2.21%), posted below the nation during the 1980s (0.58% vs. 1.88%), lagged the nation over the 1990s (-0.20% vs. 1.73%), posted below the nation over the 2000s (0.58% vs. 0.74%), and recorded underneath the nation over 2010-2020 (0.42% vs. 1.51%). Thus far in 2020, growth for Crenshaw County has recorded under the national average (-6.64% vs. -5.39%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.31
0.89
0.58
-0.20
0.58
0.42
-6.64
 
1.23
2.10
1.47
1.72
0.44
0.91
-3.70
 
1.48
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.51
-5.39
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2020
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2020
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Crenshaw County, Alabama and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.58 between 1969 and 2020. Crenshaw County's job ratio registered 0.35 in 1969, and 0.41 in 2020. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2020
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2020
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Crenshaw County's, Alabama's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2020.

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Crenshaw County:
Total Employment, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
4,872
100.0
N
0.35
0.35
77.68
1970
 
4,798
98.5
-1.52
0.34
0.36
81.04
1971
 
4,898
100.5
2.08
0.34
0.37
82.77
1972
 
5,171
106.1
5.57
0.35
0.38
84.97
1973
 
5,053
103.7
-2.28
0.33
0.36
77.82
1974
 
5,112
104.9
1.17
0.33
0.36
77.63
1975
 
4,855
99.7
-5.03
0.31
0.35
76.35
1976
 
4,922
101.0
1.38
0.31
0.35
75.76
1977
 
5,105
104.8
3.72
0.31
0.37
76.69
1978
 
5,184
106.4
1.55
0.30
0.37
75.47
1979
 
5,303
108.8
2.30
0.31
0.38
74.73
1980
 
5,209
106.9
-1.77
0.30
0.37
73.53
1981
 
5,109
104.9
-1.92
0.30
0.36
72.12
1982
 
5,018
103.0
-1.78
0.30
0.36
72.74
1983
 
5,272
108.2
5.06
0.31
0.38
76.43
1984
 
5,407
111.0
2.56
0.30
0.39
76.13
1985
 
5,369
110.2
-0.70
0.29
0.39
74.24
1986
 
5,306
108.9
-1.17
0.29
0.38
72.83
1987
 
5,518
113.3
4.00
0.29
0.40
74.44
1988
 
5,658
116.1
2.54
0.29
0.41
74.89
1989
 
5,602
115.0
-0.99
0.28
0.41
73.66
1990
 
5,604
115.0
0.04
0.27
0.41
74.37
1991
 
5,655
116.1
0.91
0.27
0.42
76.71
1992
 
5,694
116.9
0.69
0.27
0.42
78.24
1993
 
5,763
118.3
1.21
0.27
0.43
78.49
1994
 
5,753
118.1
-0.17
0.26
0.43
77.90
1995
 
5,937
121.9
3.20
0.26
0.44
78.67
1996
 
5,777
118.6
-2.69
0.25
0.43
75.89
1997
 
5,638
115.7
-2.41
0.24
0.41
72.66
1998
 
5,683
116.6
0.80
0.24
0.42
72.74
1999
 
5,478
112.4
-3.61
0.23
0.40
69.66
2000
 
5,470
112.3
-0.15
0.23
0.40
68.16
2001
 
4,784
98.2
-12.54
0.20
0.35
60.01
2002
 
4,729
97.1
-1.15
0.20
0.35
60.42
2003
 
4,834
99.2
2.22
0.20
0.35
61.91
2004
 
4,989
102.4
3.21
0.21
0.36
63.03
2005
 
5,289
108.6
6.01
0.21
0.39
66.20
2006
 
5,769
118.4
9.08
0.23
0.42
70.52
2007
 
5,961
122.4
3.33
0.23
0.43
71.66
2008
 
5,970
122.5
0.15
0.23
0.43
72.76
2009
 
5,708
117.2
-4.39
0.23
0.41
71.91
2010
 
5,720
117.4
0.21
0.23
0.41
73.79
2011
 
5,901
121.1
3.16
0.24
0.42
75.15
2012
 
5,756
118.1
-2.46
0.23
0.41
72.55
2013
 
5,933
121.8
3.08
0.24
0.43
74.27
2014
 
6,102
125.2
2.85
0.24
0.44
75.32
2015
 
6,209
127.4
1.75
0.24
0.45
75.54
2016
 
6,274
128.8
1.05
0.24
0.45
75.33
2017
 
6,037
123.9
-3.78
0.23
0.44
72.05
2018
 
5,974
122.6
-1.04
0.22
0.43
70.36
2019
 
5,937
121.9
-0.62
0.22
0.43
69.99
2020
 
5,543
113.8
-6.64
0.21
0.41
69.97
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Alabama:
Total Employment, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
1,411,234
100.0
N
1.55
0.41
90.70
1970
 
1,412,928
100.1
0.12
1.55
0.41
91.44
1971
 
1,423,459
100.9
0.75
1.55
0.41
91.91
1972
 
1,470,523
104.2
3.31
1.56
0.42
92.17
1973
 
1,525,967
108.1
3.77
1.55
0.43
91.51
1974
 
1,552,266
110.0
1.72
1.55
0.43
91.18
1975
 
1,543,312
109.4
-0.58
1.56
0.42
91.35
1976
 
1,593,952
112.9
3.28
1.57
0.43
91.34
1977
 
1,651,033
117.0
3.58
1.57
0.44
91.31
1978
 
1,712,582
121.4
3.73
1.56
0.45
90.44
1979
 
1,735,879
123.0
1.36
1.53
0.45
89.04
1980
 
1,731,866
122.7
-0.23
1.52
0.44
88.52
1981
 
1,718,783
121.8
-0.76
1.50
0.44
87.59
1982
 
1,687,466
119.6
-1.82
1.48
0.43
87.24
1983
 
1,716,798
121.7
1.74
1.48
0.44
88.22
1984
 
1,779,584
126.1
3.66
1.48
0.45
88.11
1985
 
1,821,588
129.1
2.36
1.47
0.46
88.13
1986
 
1,858,269
131.7
2.01
1.47
0.47
88.56
1987
 
1,911,569
135.5
2.87
1.48
0.48
89.04
1988
 
1,969,768
139.6
3.04
1.47
0.49
89.61
1989
 
2,006,365
142.2
1.86
1.47
0.50
90.23
1990
 
2,047,865
145.1
2.07
1.48
0.51
91.24
1991
 
2,060,099
146.0
0.60
1.50
0.50
92.39
1992
 
2,097,425
148.6
1.81
1.52
0.50
93.74
1993
 
2,158,752
153.0
2.92
1.53
0.51
94.58
1994
 
2,180,001
154.5
0.98
1.51
0.51
93.38
1995
 
2,241,551
158.8
2.82
1.52
0.52
93.91
1996
 
2,275,108
161.2
1.50
1.51
0.53
93.68
1997
 
2,321,253
164.5
2.03
1.50
0.53
93.76
1998
 
2,361,892
167.4
1.75
1.49
0.54
93.34
1999
 
2,378,217
168.5
0.69
1.47
0.54
92.74
2000
 
2,392,225
169.5
0.59
1.45
0.54
91.68
2001
 
2,376,053
168.4
-0.68
1.44
0.53
91.56
2002
 
2,364,828
167.6
-0.47
1.43
0.53
91.96
2003
 
2,371,430
168.0
0.28
1.43
0.53
92.07
2004
 
2,425,649
171.9
2.29
1.44
0.54
92.85
2005
 
2,486,833
176.2
2.52
1.44
0.54
93.31
2006
 
2,545,556
180.4
2.36
1.45
0.55
93.30
2007
 
2,604,078
184.5
2.30
1.45
0.56
93.50
2008
 
2,582,591
183.0
-0.83
1.44
0.55
92.88
2009
 
2,479,507
175.7
-3.99
1.43
0.52
92.07
2010
 
2,460,298
174.3
-0.77
1.42
0.51
91.98
2011
 
2,497,933
177.0
1.53
1.42
0.52
92.09
2012
 
2,503,678
177.4
0.23
1.40
0.52
91.16
2013
 
2,523,338
178.8
0.79
1.38
0.52
90.53
2014
 
2,551,872
180.8
1.13
1.37
0.53
90.07
2015
 
2,587,451
183.3
1.39
1.36
0.53
89.82
2016
 
2,619,737
185.6
1.25
1.35
0.54
89.91
2017
 
2,649,812
187.8
1.15
1.35
0.54
89.93
2018
 
2,692,383
190.8
1.61
1.34
0.55
89.82
2019
 
2,712,704
192.2
0.75
1.35
0.55
90.00
2020
 
2,612,469
185.1
-3.70
1.37
0.53
91.68
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,233,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,325,800
209.0
2.20
0.59
2016
 
193,425,900
212.4
1.63
0.60
2017
 
196,393,100
215.7
1.53
0.60
2018
 
200,280,200
220.0
1.98
0.61
2019
 
201,644,200
221.5
0.68
0.61
2020
 
190,776,800
209.5
-5.39
0.58
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2022. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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