Mobile County vs. Alabama
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2019
Introduction
Mobile County vs. Alabama
Mobile County:
2019 Population = 413,210
2019 Percent of State = 8.4%
Alabama:
2019 Population = 4,903,185
2019 Percent of U.S. = 1.5%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Mobile County with comparisons to Alabama and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Mobile County vs. Alabama's population growth over 1969-2019. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2019
Population, 1969-2019
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Mobile County's annual population for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 51-year period, Mobile County's population rose from 317,958 in 1969 to 413,210 in 2019, for a net gain of 95,252, or 30.0%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2019
Population, 1969-2019
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Alabama's annual population for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 51-year period, Alabama's population rose from 3,440,000 in 1969 to 4,903,185 in 2019, for a net gain of 1,463,185, or 42.5%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Mobile County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Alabama, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Mobile County's overall population growth was 30.0% over 1969-2019 trailed Alabama's increase of 42.5%, and fell below the United States' increase of 63.1%.
Population as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2019
Population as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2019
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the population growth of Mobile County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to Alabama's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Alabama's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Mobile County's population totaled 9.2% of Alabama's population, while in 2019 it equated to 8.4% thereby yielding a -0.8% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2019 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2019
vs.
1969
-0.82%
=
8.43%
-
9.24%
 
   
Mobile County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Mobile County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Mobile County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2019. The average annual percent change for the entire 50-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Mobile County's population grew at an annual rate of 0.53% over 1970-2019. The county recorded its highest growth in 1976 (2.88%) and posted its lowest growth in 1989 (-0.69%). In 2019, Mobile County's population declined by -0.17%
Mobile County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Mobile County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in Mobile County's population since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2019.
During the 1970s, Mobile County's annual population growth rate averaged 1.30%. It averaged 0.47% during the 1980s, 0.53% during the 1990s, 0.31% during the 2000s, and 0.03% thus far this decade (2010 to 2019).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Mobile County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Alabama and the nation. As the chart reveals, Mobile County's average annual population growth outperformed Alabama's average in the 1970s (1.30% vs. 1.18%), led Alabama's average during the 1980s (0.47% vs. 0.41%), posted below Alabama's average in the 1990s (0.53% vs. 0.95%), amounted to less than Alabama's average throughout the 2000s (0.31% vs. 0.72%), and lagged Alabama's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (0.03% vs. 0.30%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Mobile County recorded above the nation throughout the 1970s (1.30% vs. 1.10%), fell under the nation over the 1980s (0.47% vs. 0.95%), posted below the nation in the 1990s (0.53% vs. 1.23%), fell under the nation throughout the 2000s (0.31% vs. 0.95%), and fell below the nation over 2010-2019 (0.03% vs. 0.68%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.53
1.30
0.47
0.53
0.31
0.03
-0.17
 
0.71
1.18
0.41
0.95
0.72
0.30
0.32
 
0.98
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.48
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Mobile County:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
317,958
100.0
N
9.24
1970
 
318,311
100.1
0.11
9.23
1971
 
323,278
101.7
1.56
9.24
1972
 
324,325
102.0
0.32
9.16
1973
 
324,541
102.1
0.07
9.06
1974
 
329,414
103.6
1.50
9.08
1975
 
335,235
105.4
1.77
9.11
1976
 
344,892
108.5
2.88
9.23
1977
 
353,134
111.1
2.39
9.34
1978
 
360,079
113.2
1.97
9.39
1979
 
361,747
113.8
0.46
9.35
1980
 
366,205
115.2
1.23
9.39
1981
 
370,432
116.5
1.15
9.45
1982
 
374,782
117.9
1.17
9.55
1983
 
376,842
118.5
0.55
9.58
1984
 
376,211
118.3
-0.17
9.52
1985
 
378,847
119.2
0.70
9.54
1986
 
381,729
120.1
0.76
9.56
1987
 
383,696
120.7
0.52
9.56
1988
 
381,501
120.0
-0.57
9.48
1989
 
378,869
119.2
-0.69
9.40
1990
 
379,167
119.3
0.08
9.36
1991
 
382,978
120.4
1.01
9.34
1992
 
388,097
122.1
1.34
9.34
1993
 
393,740
123.8
1.45
9.34
1994
 
395,685
124.4
0.49
9.29
1995
 
395,664
124.4
-0.01
9.21
1996
 
396,163
124.6
0.13
9.15
1997
 
397,917
125.1
0.44
9.11
1998
 
398,479
125.3
0.14
9.05
1999
 
399,323
125.6
0.21
9.01
2000
 
400,073
125.8
0.19
8.99
2001
 
400,129
125.8
0.01
8.96
2002
 
398,549
125.3
-0.39
8.90
2003
 
398,082
125.2
-0.12
8.84
2004
 
397,959
125.2
-0.03
8.78
2005
 
398,942
125.5
0.25
8.73
2006
 
402,916
126.7
1.00
8.70
2007
 
405,715
127.6
0.69
8.68
2008
 
409,196
128.7
0.86
8.67
2009
 
411,994
129.6
0.68
8.66
2010
 
413,315
130.0
0.32
8.64
2011
 
413,068
129.9
-0.06
8.61
2012
 
413,816
130.1
0.18
8.59
2013
 
413,918
130.2
0.02
8.57
2014
 
414,149
130.3
0.06
8.55
2015
 
414,462
130.4
0.08
8.54
2016
 
414,945
130.5
0.12
8.53
2017
 
414,045
130.2
-0.22
8.49
2018
 
413,908
130.2
-0.03
8.47
2019
 
413,210
130.0
-0.17
8.43
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Alabama:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
3,440,000
100.0
N
1.71
1970
 
3,449,846
100.3
0.29
1.69
1971
 
3,497,452
101.7
1.38
1.69
1972
 
3,540,080
102.9
1.22
1.69
1973
 
3,580,769
104.1
1.15
1.69
1974
 
3,627,805
105.5
1.31
1.70
1975
 
3,680,533
107.0
1.45
1.71
1976
 
3,737,204
108.6
1.54
1.72
1977
 
3,782,736
110.0
1.22
1.72
1978
 
3,834,120
111.5
1.36
1.73
1979
 
3,869,444
112.5
0.92
1.72
1980
 
3,900,368
113.4
0.80
1.72
1981
 
3,918,533
113.9
0.47
1.71
1982
 
3,925,263
114.1
0.17
1.69
1983
 
3,934,100
114.4
0.23
1.68
1984
 
3,951,824
114.9
0.45
1.68
1985
 
3,972,520
115.5
0.52
1.67
1986
 
3,991,569
116.0
0.48
1.66
1987
 
4,015,262
116.7
0.59
1.66
1988
 
4,023,842
117.0
0.21
1.65
1989
 
4,030,219
117.2
0.16
1.63
1990
 
4,050,055
117.7
0.49
1.62
1991
 
4,099,156
119.2
1.21
1.62
1992
 
4,154,014
120.8
1.34
1.62
1993
 
4,214,202
122.5
1.45
1.62
1994
 
4,260,229
123.8
1.09
1.62
1995
 
4,296,800
124.9
0.86
1.61
1996
 
4,331,102
125.9
0.80
1.61
1997
 
4,367,935
127.0
0.85
1.60
1998
 
4,404,701
128.0
0.84
1.60
1999
 
4,430,141
128.8
0.58
1.59
2000
 
4,452,173
129.4
0.50
1.58
2001
 
4,467,634
129.9
0.35
1.57
2002
 
4,480,089
130.2
0.28
1.56
2003
 
4,503,491
130.9
0.52
1.55
2004
 
4,530,729
131.7
0.60
1.55
2005
 
4,569,805
132.8
0.86
1.55
2006
 
4,628,981
134.6
1.29
1.55
2007
 
4,672,840
135.8
0.95
1.55
2008
 
4,718,206
137.2
0.97
1.55
2009
 
4,757,938
138.3
0.84
1.55
2010
 
4,785,437
139.1
0.58
1.55
2011
 
4,799,069
139.5
0.28
1.54
2012
 
4,815,588
140.0
0.34
1.53
2013
 
4,830,081
140.4
0.30
1.53
2014
 
4,841,799
140.7
0.24
1.52
2015
 
4,852,347
141.1
0.22
1.51
2016
 
4,863,525
141.4
0.23
1.51
2017
 
4,874,486
141.7
0.23
1.50
2018
 
4,887,681
142.1
0.27
1.50
2019
 
4,903,185
142.5
0.32
1.49
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,321,666
153.7
0.83
2011
 
311,556,874
154.8
0.72
2012
 
313,830,990
155.9
0.73
2013
 
315,993,715
157.0
0.69
2014
 
318,301,008
158.1
0.73
2015
 
320,635,163
159.3
0.73
2016
 
322,941,311
160.4
0.72
2017
 
324,985,539
161.4
0.63
2018
 
326,687,501
162.3
0.52
2019
 
328,239,523
163.1
0.48
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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