Baldwin County vs. Alabama
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2020
Introduction
Baldwin County vs. Alabama
Baldwin County:
2020 Population = 229,287
2020 Percent of State = 4.7%
Alabama:
2020 Population = 4,921,532
2020 Percent of U.S. = 1.5%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Baldwin County with comparisons to Alabama and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Baldwin County vs. Alabama's population growth over 1969-2020. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2020
Population, 1969-2020
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Baldwin County's annual population for the period 1969-2020 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 52-year period, Baldwin County's population rose from 56,951 in 1969 to 229,287 in 2020, for a net gain of 172,336, or 302.6%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2020
Population, 1969-2020
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Alabama's annual population for the period 1969-2020 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 52-year period, Alabama's population rose from 3,440,000 in 1969 to 4,921,532 in 2020, for a net gain of 1,481,532, or 43.1%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2020
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2020
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Baldwin County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Alabama, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Baldwin County's overall population growth was 302.6% over 1969-2020 outpaced Alabama's increase of 43.1%, and outpaced the United States' increase of 63.7%.
Population as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2020
Population as a Percent of the Alabama Total: 1969-2020
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of Baldwin County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Alabama's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Alabama's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Baldwin County's population comprised 1.7% of Alabama's population, while in 2020 it totaled 4.7% thereby yielding a +3.0% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2020 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2020
vs.
1969
+3.00%
=
4.66%
-
1.66%
 
   
Baldwin County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2020
Baldwin County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2020
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Baldwin County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2020. The average annual percent change for the entire 51-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Baldwin County's population grew at an annual rate of 2.77% over 1970-2020. The county recorded its highest growth in 1994 (4.62%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1971 (1.12%). In 2020, Baldwin County's population grew by 2.56%
Baldwin County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2020
Baldwin County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2020
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Baldwin County's population since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2020.
During the 1970s, Baldwin County's annual population growth rate averaged 3.01%. It averaged 2.31% in the 1980s, 3.64% during the 1990s, 2.69% throughout the 2000s, 2.23% throughout the 2010s, and 2.56% in 2020.
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Baldwin County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Alabama and the nation. As the chart reveals, Baldwin County's average annual population growth exceeded Alabama's average in the 1970s (3.01% vs. 1.18%), recorded above Alabama's average throughout the 1980s (2.31% vs. 0.41%), topped Alabama's average throughout the 1990s (3.64% vs. 0.95%), topped Alabama's average during the 2000s (2.69% vs. 0.72%), and registered above Alabama's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (2.23% vs. 0.31%). In 2020, Baldwin County's growth has surpassed Alabama's average (2.56% vs. 0.28%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Baldwin County recorded above the nation over the 1970s (3.01% vs. 1.10%), registered above the nation throughout the 1980s (2.31% vs. 0.95%), outpaced the nation over the 1990s (3.64% vs. 1.23%), topped the nation over the 2000s (2.69% vs. 0.95%), and led the nation over 2010-2019 (2.23% vs. 0.68%). In 2020, growth for Baldwin County has registered above the national average (2.56% vs. 0.35%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.77
3.01
2.31
3.64
2.69
2.23
2.56
 
0.71
1.18
0.41
0.95
0.72
0.31
0.28
 
0.97
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.68
0.35
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Baldwin County:
Population, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
56,951
100.0
N
1.66
1970
 
59,474
104.4
4.43
1.72
1971
 
60,142
105.6
1.12
1.72
1972
 
62,435
109.6
3.81
1.76
1973
 
64,196
112.7
2.82
1.79
1974
 
66,072
116.0
2.92
1.82
1975
 
67,861
119.2
2.71
1.84
1976
 
70,244
123.3
3.51
1.88
1977
 
72,399
127.1
3.07
1.91
1978
 
74,550
130.9
2.97
1.94
1979
 
76,594
134.5
2.74
1.98
1980
 
78,931
138.6
3.05
2.02
1981
 
80,287
141.0
1.72
2.05
1982
 
82,331
144.6
2.55
2.10
1983
 
83,978
147.5
2.00
2.13
1984
 
86,752
152.3
3.30
2.20
1985
 
89,401
157.0
3.05
2.25
1986
 
91,311
160.3
2.14
2.29
1987
 
93,214
163.7
2.08
2.32
1988
 
94,649
166.2
1.54
2.35
1989
 
96,198
168.9
1.64
2.39
1990
 
98,955
173.8
2.87
2.44
1991
 
102,420
179.8
3.50
2.50
1992
 
106,595
187.2
4.08
2.57
1993
 
111,416
195.6
4.52
2.64
1994
 
116,565
204.7
4.62
2.74
1995
 
120,896
212.3
3.72
2.81
1996
 
125,412
220.2
3.74
2.90
1997
 
130,164
228.6
3.79
2.98
1998
 
134,444
236.1
3.29
3.05
1999
 
137,555
241.5
2.31
3.10
2000
 
141,342
248.2
2.75
3.17
2001
 
144,875
254.4
2.50
3.24
2002
 
147,957
259.8
2.13
3.30
2003
 
151,509
266.0
2.40
3.36
2004
 
156,266
274.4
3.14
3.45
2005
 
162,183
284.8
3.79
3.55
2006
 
168,121
295.2
3.66
3.63
2007
 
172,404
302.7
2.55
3.69
2008
 
175,827
308.7
1.99
3.73
2009
 
179,406
315.0
2.04
3.77
2010
 
183,121
321.5
2.07
3.83
2011
 
186,579
327.6
1.89
3.89
2012
 
190,203
334.0
1.94
3.95
2013
 
194,978
342.4
2.51
4.04
2014
 
199,306
350.0
2.22
4.11
2015
 
203,101
356.6
1.90
4.18
2016
 
207,787
364.9
2.31
4.27
2017
 
212,737
373.5
2.38
4.36
2018
 
218,071
382.9
2.51
4.46
2019
 
223,565
392.6
2.52
4.56
2020
 
229,287
402.6
2.56
4.66
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Alabama:
Population, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
3,440,000
100.0
N
1.71
1970
 
3,449,846
100.3
0.29
1.69
1971
 
3,497,452
101.7
1.38
1.69
1972
 
3,540,080
102.9
1.22
1.69
1973
 
3,580,769
104.1
1.15
1.69
1974
 
3,627,805
105.5
1.31
1.70
1975
 
3,680,533
107.0
1.45
1.71
1976
 
3,737,204
108.6
1.54
1.72
1977
 
3,782,736
110.0
1.22
1.72
1978
 
3,834,120
111.5
1.36
1.73
1979
 
3,869,444
112.5
0.92
1.72
1980
 
3,900,368
113.4
0.80
1.72
1981
 
3,918,533
113.9
0.47
1.71
1982
 
3,925,263
114.1
0.17
1.69
1983
 
3,934,100
114.4
0.23
1.68
1984
 
3,951,824
114.9
0.45
1.68
1985
 
3,972,520
115.5
0.52
1.67
1986
 
3,991,569
116.0
0.48
1.66
1987
 
4,015,262
116.7
0.59
1.66
1988
 
4,023,842
117.0
0.21
1.65
1989
 
4,030,219
117.2
0.16
1.63
1990
 
4,050,055
117.7
0.49
1.62
1991
 
4,099,156
119.2
1.21
1.62
1992
 
4,154,014
120.8
1.34
1.62
1993
 
4,214,202
122.5
1.45
1.62
1994
 
4,260,229
123.8
1.09
1.62
1995
 
4,296,800
124.9
0.86
1.61
1996
 
4,331,102
125.9
0.80
1.61
1997
 
4,367,935
127.0
0.85
1.60
1998
 
4,404,701
128.0
0.84
1.60
1999
 
4,430,141
128.8
0.58
1.59
2000
 
4,452,173
129.4
0.50
1.58
2001
 
4,467,634
129.9
0.35
1.57
2002
 
4,480,089
130.2
0.28
1.56
2003
 
4,503,491
130.9
0.52
1.55
2004
 
4,530,729
131.7
0.60
1.55
2005
 
4,569,805
132.8
0.86
1.55
2006
 
4,628,981
134.6
1.29
1.55
2007
 
4,672,840
135.8
0.95
1.55
2008
 
4,718,206
137.2
0.97
1.55
2009
 
4,757,938
138.3
0.84
1.55
2010
 
4,785,514
139.1
0.58
1.55
2011
 
4,799,642
139.5
0.30
1.54
2012
 
4,816,632
140.0
0.35
1.53
2013
 
4,831,586
140.5
0.31
1.53
2014
 
4,843,737
140.8
0.25
1.52
2015
 
4,854,803
141.1
0.23
1.51
2016
 
4,866,824
141.5
0.25
1.51
2017
 
4,877,989
141.8
0.23
1.50
2018
 
4,891,628
142.2
0.28
1.50
2019
 
4,907,965
142.7
0.33
1.49
2020
 
4,921,532
143.1
0.28
1.49
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2020
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,327,143
153.7
0.83
2011
 
311,583,481
154.8
0.73
2012
 
313,877,662
155.9
0.74
2013
 
316,059,947
157.0
0.70
2014
 
318,386,329
158.2
0.74
2015
 
320,738,994
159.3
0.74
2016
 
323,071,755
160.5
0.73
2017
 
325,122,128
161.5
0.63
2018
 
326,838,199
162.4
0.53
2019
 
328,329,953
163.1
0.46
2020
 
329,484,123
163.7
0.35
Source: Calculations by the Alabama Regional Economic Analysis Project (AL-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2021
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2022. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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